Part 1 - General
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1.01 SUMMARY A. Section Includes: Furnishing of all labor, materials, services and equipment
necessary for the supply and installation of cementitious crystalline waterproofing
(dry shake) to horizontal concrete surfaces as indicated on drawings and as specified herein.
B. Related Sections:
1. Section 031000 - Concrete Forming
2. Section 032000 - Concrete Reinforcement
3. Section 033000 - Cast-In-Place Concrete
4. Section 033600 - Concrete Finishing
5. Section 079000 - Joint Protection
6. Section 099000 - Paints and Coatings
1.02 REFERENCES A. Applicable Standards: The following standards are referenced herein.
1. American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM)
2. Army Corps of Engineers (CRD)
3. American National Standards Institute (ANSI)
4. NSF International
5. European Standards (EN)
7. Drinking Water Inspectorate (DWI)
1.03 SYSTEM DESCRIPTION A. Cementitious Crystalline Waterproofing (Dry Shake): Concrete waterproofing and protection system shall be of the crystalline type that is a blend of Portland cement,
specially graded aggregate and active proprietary chemicals. When applied as a dry shake onto and floated into a fresh slab, the active chemicals diffuse into the concrete and cause a catalytic reaction which generates a non-soluble crystalline structure within the pores and capillary tracts of concrete. This crystalline system causes the concrete to become sealed against the penetration of liquids and protects the concrete from deterioration due to harsh environmental conditions. The system is used for above or below-grade slabs, including liquid retaining structures and where enhanced chemical resistance is required. For areas where increased abrasion resistance is required, utilize Xypex DS-2 which is formulated with a proprietary aggregate hardener.
A. Testing Requirements: Crystalline waterproofing system shall have been tested in accordance with the following standards and conditions, and the testing results shall meet or exceed the performance requirements as specified herein.
1.04 SYSTEM PERFORMANCE REQUIREMENTS
B. Independent Laboratory: Testing shall have been performed by an accredited independent laboratory meeting the requirements of ASTM E 329 or other applicable international standard for certification of testing laboratories. Testing laboratory shall have obtained all control and treated concrete samples.
C. Crystalline Penetration: Crystallizing capability of waterproofing material shall be evidenced by independent SEM (Scanning Electron Microscope) photographs. Crystal growth 12 inches (30 cm) from the surface of the coating shall be evident with 1000X magnification 1 year after application of the coating and exposure of the sample to normal weathering.
D. Permeability: Independent testing shall be performed according to U.S. Army Corps of Engineers CRD C48 “Permeability of Concrete”. Concrete samples shall have design strength of 2000 psi (14 MPa) and thickness of 2 inches (50 mm). Treated samples shall have two coats of crystalline waterproofing applied per manufacturer’s directions. Samples to be pressure tested to 175 psi (405 foot head of water) or 1.2 MPa (123.4 m head of water). Control samples shall leak and treated samples, after crystalline growth has occurred, shall exhibit no measurable leakage.
E. Permeability - Negative Side Application: Independent testing shall be performed according to EN 12390–8 or other recognized direct pressure test. Concrete samples shall have a design strength of 25 MPa (3600 psi). Treated samples shall be exposed to water pressure on the side opposite to the crystalline coating. Coated samples shall exhibit a greater than 90% reduction in depth of water penetration as compared to the control samples.
F. Chemical Resistance: Independent testing shall be performed according to ASTM
C 267 “Chemical Resistance of Mortars” and ASTM C 39 “Compressive Strength of Cylindrical Concrete Specimens”. Concrete samples (treated and untreated) shall have design strength of 4000 psi (27.6 MPa). Treated samples shall have two coats of crystalline waterproofing applied per manufacturer’s directions. Untreated and treated specimens must be immersed for a minimum of 84 days in following chemical solutions: hydrochloric acid (3.5 pH), brake fluid, transformer oil, ethylene glycol, toluene, caustic soda. Treated specimens shall exhibit no detrimental effects after exposure, and shall have an average of 17% increase in compressive strength versus untreated control specimens.
G. Acid Resistance: Independent testing shall be performed to determine “Sulfuric Acid Resistance of Concrete Specimens”. Treated concrete samples shall be tested against untreated control samples. All samples shall be immersed in 5% sulfuric acid and weighed weekly for 10 weeks. Untreated samples shall exhibit at least 8 times more mass loss than treated samples.
H. Carbonation Resistance Testing: Independent testing shall be performed according to RILEM CPC-18 or other recognized accelerated carbonation test. Concrete samples shall have a 0.5 w/cm ratio or be approximately 30 MPa (4500 psi) in strength. Coated samples shall have crystalline coating applied one day after casting and all samples to be cured for 7 days prior to carbonation. After 91 days exposure to CO2 the coated samples shall show a 35% or greater reduction in carbonation depth as compared to the control samples.
1.05 SUBMITTALS A. General: Submit listed submittals in accordance with conditions of the Contract
and with Division 1 Submittal Procedures Section.
B. Product Data: Submit product data, including manufacturer's specifications, installation instructions, and general recommendations for waterproofing applications.
C. Test Reports: Submit, for acceptance, complete test reports from approved independent
testing laboratories certifying that waterproofing system conforms to performance
characteristics and testing requirements specified herein.
D. Manufacturer’s Certification: Provide document signed by manufacturer or manufacturer’s representative certifying that the materials to be installed comply with the requirements of this specification.
1.06 QUALITY ASSURANCE A. Manufacturer Qualifications: Manufacturer shall be ISO 9001 registered, and shall have no less than 10 years experience in manufacturing the cementitious crystalline waterproofing materials for the required work. Manufacturer must be capable of providing field service representation during construction phase. Manufacturers who cannot provide ongoing field support or the performance test data specified herein will not be considered for the project.
B. Applicator: Waterproofing applicator shall be experienced in the installation of
dry shake cementitious materials as demonstrated by previous successful installations,
and shall be approved by the manufacturer in writing.
C. Pre-Installation Conference: Prior to installation of waterproofing, conduct meeting with waterproofing applicator, concrete placer, concrete finisher, Architect/Engineer, owner's representative, and waterproofing manufacturer's representative to verify
and review the following:
1. Project requirements for waterproofing as set out in Contract Document.
2. Manufacturer's product data including application instructions.
D. Technical Consultation: The waterproofing manufacturer’s representative shall
provide technical consultation on waterproofing application and provide on-site support as needed.
1.07 DELIVERY, STORAGE AND HANDLING A. Ordering: Comply with manufacturer's ordering instructions and lead time requirements to avoid construction delays.
B. Delivery: Deliver packaged waterproofing materials to project site in original
undamaged containers, with manufacturer's labels and seals intact.
C. Storage: Store waterproofing materials in dry, enclosed location, at a minimum temperature of 45ºF (7ºC).
1.08 PROJECT CONDITIONS A. Compliance: Comply with manufacturer’s product data regarding condition of substrate to receive waterproofing, weather conditions before and during installation, and protection of the installed waterproofing system.
1.09 WARRANTY A. Project Warranty: Refer to conditions of the Contract for project warranty provisions.
B. Manufacturer’s Warranty: Manufacturer shall provide standard product warranty executed by authorized company official.
Part 1 - General | Part 2 - Products | Part 3 - Execution