Part 1 - General
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1.01 SUMMARY A. Section Includes: Furnishing of all labor, materials, services and equipment necessary for the supply and installation of cementitious crystalline waterproofing to concrete substrates, above-grade or below-grade, on either dry or wet side of substrates, as indicated on drawings and as specified herein.
B. Related Sections:
1. Section 031000 - Concrete Forming and Accessories
2. Section 079000 - Joint Protection
3. Section 099000 - Paints and Coatings
A. Applicable Standards: The following standards are referenced herein.
1. American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM)
2. Army Corps of Engineers (CRD)
3. American National Standards Institute (ANSI)
4. NSF International
5. European Standards (EN)
7. Drinking Water Inspectorate (DWI)
1.03 SYSTEM DESCRIPTION
A. Cementitious Crystalline Waterproofing: Concrete waterproofing and protection system shall be of the crystalline type that is a blend of Portland cement, fine treated silica sand and active proprietary chemicals. When mixed with water and applied as a cementitious coating, the active chemicals diffuse into the concrete and cause a catalytic reaction which generates a non-soluble crystalline structure within the pores and capillary tracts of concrete. This crystalline system causes the concrete to become sealed against the penetration of liquids from any direction, and protects the concrete from deterioration due to harsh environmental conditions. The system is used for above or below-grade walls and slabs, including liquid retaining structures and where enhanced chemical resistance is required.
1.04 SYSTEM PERFORMANCE REQUIREMENTS
A. Testing Requirements: Crystalline waterproofing system shall have been tested in accordance with the following standards and conditions, and the testing results shall meet or exceed the performance requirements as specified herein.
B. Independent Laboratory: Testing shall have been performed by an accredited independent laboratory meeting the requirements of ASTM E 329 or other applicable international standard for certification of testing laboratories. Testing laboratory shall have obtained all control and treated concrete samples.
C. Crystalline Penetration: Crystallizing capability of waterproofing material shall be
evidenced by independent SEM (Scanning Electron Microscope) photographs. Crystal growth 12 inches (30 cm) from the surface of the coating shall be evident with 1000X magnification 1 year after application of the coating and exposure of the sample to normal weathering.
D. Permeability: Independent testing shall be performed according to U.S. Army Corps
of Engineers CRD C48 “Permeability of Concrete”. Concrete samples shall have design strength of 2000 psi (14 MPa) and thickness of 2 inches (50 mm). Treated samples shall have two coats of crystalline waterproofing applied per manufacturer’s directions. Samples to be pressure tested to 175 psi (405 foot head of water) or 1.2 MPa (123.4 m head of water). Control samples shall leak and treated samples, after crystalline growth has occurred, shall exhibit no measurable leakage.
E. Permeability - Negative Side Application: Independent testing shall be performed according to EN 12390–8 or other recognized direct pressure test. Concrete samples shall have a design strength of 25 MPa (3600 psi). Treated samples shall be exposed to water pressure on the side opposite to the crystalline coating. Coated samples shall exhibit a greater than 90% reduction in depth of water penetration as compared to the control samples.
F. Chemical Resistance: Independent testing shall be performed according to ASTM
C 267 “Chemical Resistance of Mortars” and ASTM C 39 “Compressive Strength of Cylindrical Concrete Specimens”. Concrete samples (treated and untreated) shall have design strength of 4000 psi (27.6 MPa). Treated samples shall have two coats of crystalline waterproofing applied per manufacturer’s directions. Untreated and treated specimens must be immersed for a minimum of 84 days in following chemical solutions: hydrochloric acid (3.5 pH), brake fluid, transformer oil, ethylene glycol, toluene, caustic soda. Treated specimens shall exhibit no detrimental effects after exposure, and shall have an average of 17% increase in compressive strength versus untreated control specimens.
G. Acid Resistance: Independent testing shall be performed to determine “Sulfuric Acid Resistance of Concrete Specimens”. Treated concrete samples shall be tested against untreated control samples. All samples shall be immersed in 5% sulfuric acid and weighed weekly for 10 weeks. Untreated samples shall exhibit at least 8 times more mass loss than treated samples.
H. Carbonation Resistance Testing: Independent testing shall be performed according to RILEM CPC-18 or other recognized accelerated carbonation test. Concrete samples shall have a 0.5 w/cm ratio or be approximately 30 MPa (4500 psi) in strength. Coated samples shall have crystalline coating applied one day after casting and all samples to be cured for 7 days prior to carbonation. After 91 days exposure to CO2 the coated samples shall show a 35% or greater reduction in carbonation depth as compared to the control samples.
I. Potable Water Approval: Waterproof material shall have a current, valid approval certificate from NSF (NSF 61), DWI, or other recognized certification agency.
A. General: Submit listed submittals in accordance with conditions of the Contract and with Division 1 Submittal Procedures Section.
B. Product Data: Submit product data, including manufacturer’s specifications, installation instructions, and general recommendations for waterproofing applications.
C. Test Reports: Submit for acceptance, complete test reports from approved independent testing laboratories certifying that waterproofing system conforms to performance characteristics and testing requirements specified herein.
D. Manufacturer’s Certification: Provide document signed by manufacturer or manufacturer’s representative certifying that the materials to be installed comply with the requirements of this specification.
E. Manufacturer’s Field Report: Provide copy of report from manufacturer’s representative confirming that the surfaces to which waterproofing material is to be applied are in a condition suitable to receive same.
1.06 QUALITY ASSURANCE
A. Manufacturer Qualifications: Manufacturer shall be ISO 9001 registered, and shall have no less than 10 years experience in manufacturing the cementitious crystalline waterproofing materials for the required work. Manufacturer must be capable of providing field service representation during construction phase. Manufacturers who cannot provide ongoing field support or the performance test data specified herein will not be considered for the project.
B. Applicator: Waterproofing applicator shall be experienced in the installation of cementitious crystalline waterproofing materials as demonstrated by previous successful installations, and shall be approved by the manufacturer in writing.
C. Pre-Installation Conference: Prior to installation of waterproofing, conduct meeting with waterproofing applicator, Architect/Engineer, owner’s representative, and waterproofing manufacturer’s representative to verify and review the following:
1. Project requirements for waterproofing as set out in Contract Document.
2. Manufacturer’s product data including application instructions.
3. Substrate conditions, and procedures for substrate preparation and waterproofing installation.
D. Technical Consultation: The waterproofing manufacturer’s representative shall
provide technical consultation on waterproofing application and provide on-site support as needed.
1.07 DELIVERY, STORAGE AND HANDLING
A. Ordering: Comply with manufacturer's ordering instructions and lead time requirements to avoid construction delays.
B. Delivery: Deliver packaged waterproofing materials to project site in original undamaged containers, with manufacturer’s labels and seals intact.
C. Storage: Store waterproofing materials in dry, enclosed location, at a minimum temperature of 45ºF (7ºC).
1.08 PROJECT CONDITIONS
A. Compliance: Comply with manufacturer’s product data regarding condition of substrate to receive waterproofing, weather conditions before and during installation, and protection of the installed waterproofing system.
A. Manufacturer’s Warranty: Manufacturer shall provide standard product warranty executed by authorized company official.
B. Applicator’s Warranty: Applicator shall warrant the waterproofing installation against defects caused by faulty workmanship or materials for a period of typically (specify term) years from Date of Substantial Completion. The warranty will cover the surfaces treated and will bind the applicator to repair, at his expense, any and all leaks through the treated surfaces which are not due to structural weaknesses or other causes beyond applicator’s control such as fire, earthquake, tornado and hurricane. The warranty shall read as follows:
1. Warranty: The applicator warrants that, upon completion of the work, surfaces treated with cementitious crystalline waterproofing will be and will remain free from water leakage resulting from defective workmanship or materials for a period of (specify term) years from Date of Substantial Completion. In the event that water leakage occurs within the warranty period from such causes, the applicator shall, at his sole expense, repair, replace or otherwise correct such defective workmanship or materials. Applicator shall not be liable for consequential damages and applicator’s liability shall be limited to repair, replacement or correcting of defective workmanship or materials. Applicator shall have no responsibility with respect to water leakage or other defects caused by structural failure or movement of the structure, or any other causes beyond Applicator’s control.
Part 1 - General | Part 2 - Products | Part 3 - Execution